How to Register Your Company in India: A Complete Checklist

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How to Register a Company in India? 8 Simple Steps You Need to Know

As an entrepreneur, you need to take many decisions each of which decides the fate and future of your company. Incorporating your business entity under the right structure is one such crucial decision. Registering a company increases its perceived value, makes you eligible for supplier discounts, makes hiring easier and much more. It also protects your brand name from being used by anyone else. So, how do you go about registering your company in India? Here are 8 easy and simple steps.

8 easy steps to register your company in India

  1. Choose a Company Name
  2. Check Website Availability
  3. Apply for a Director Identification Number(DIN)
  4. Register for a Digital Signature Certificate(DSC)
  5. Prepare Registration Application
  6. Draft the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AOA)
  7. Send a Physical Copy of the Forms to the RoC
  8. Receive Certificate of Incorporation

Step 1: Choose a Company Name

To register a company in India, you first need a unique company name. Depending on the nature of your business, you can choose 4 – 6 names for your company. The name your company is registered under must be unique and approved by the RoC. You should also ensure that the name does not offend anyone or imply a connection to international or government organizations.

Step 2: Check Website Availability

Today, every company needs a website. So before you register your company, check for the availability of a website with your company name. An easy way to do this is by checking the Indian Ministry of Corporate Affairs website to see if a website with the name you want for your company has been registered by anyone else. Ideally, the .com URL should be available along with the .org and .net variants.

Step 3: Apply for a Director Identification Number(DIN)

Every company needs a director Identification Number or DIN before it can be registered. This is a unique number that identifies a person as the current or intended director of the company. You may apply for the DIN online at the Indian Ministry of Corporate Affairs website by filling in the DSC and DIR-3 forms. Along with these forms, you will also need to submit a passport size photograph, educational qualifications, proof of address and your current occupation.

Step 4: Register for a Digital Signature Certificate(DSC)

The DSC is a digital equivalent of traditionally printed certificates. It can be used to access information and services online, prove your identity, and sign digital documents. A DSC is necessary for all registered companies as the registration applications must be submitted online. Like the DIN, the DSC can also be obtained at the Ministry of Corporate Affairs’ website. The same proof of identification must be submitted for the DIN and DSC.

Step 5: Prepare Registration Application

Form 1A required to register a company is available online at the Ministry of Corporate Affairs’ website. This form may be filled in digitally and submitted to the website. On it, you will need to include the list of shortlisted company names in order of preference and the digital signature. The form is usually processed within 2 working days. If none of the proposed company names are available, the applicant may apply for a new name on the same application. A processing fee of Rs 500 must be paid at the time of submitting the application.

Also Read: LLP or Private Limited Company, Which One Is Better for Me?

Step 6: Draft the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AOA)

Next, you will need to draft the company’s business objectives in the form of a Memorandum of Association (MoA) and write down the details of the company’s daily operations in the form of an Articles of Association (AoA). Both documents must be signed by at least 2 members of your company and at least 1 witness.

  • The MoA and AoA must then be vetted online by the Registrar of Companies (RoC) after which they must be printed and notarized. The notarized copy of the documents must then be scanned and filed online with the application and other documents including the:
  • Form1 – Declaration of compliance
  • Form18 – Notice of situation of the registered office of the company
  • Form32 – Particulars of the Company’s Director, Manager, and Secretary

Step 7: Send a Physical Copy of the Forms to the RoC

The completed set of forms and supporting documents must then be filed in duplicate with the RoC. This includes:

  • A stamped copy of the MoA
  • A stamped copy of the AoA
  • Copy of any agreements mentioned in the agreements
  • Copy of the letter from the RoC indicating the availability of company name
  • E Form1
  • Receipt of fees paid for registration

You should file these documents on the website of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. It has a prompt for you to upload all application materials.

Step 8: Receive Certificate of Incorporation

Once the RoC has vetted your application, you will be issued a Certificate of Incorporation. If you are registering a Public Limited Company, you will also need to obtain a Commencement of Business Certificate.

Congratulations! Your company has been registered!